Arthritis Symptoms and Causes of Arthritis & Joint Pain
Joint symptoms can vary depending on the type of arthritis a patient has; generally speaking, however, symptoms may include8:
- Joint pain and stiffness
- Joint swelling
- Decreased range of motion
People living with psoriatic arthritis have the joint symptoms of arthritis, plus the skin symptoms of psoriasis, such as itchy, scaly rashes.1
There are different causes for the different types of arthritis. When considering the two most common types, damage happens to the joints in the following ways8:
- OA: Caused by wear and tear to the cartilage (either built up over the years or from an injury or infection). This results in bone-on-bone grinding, leading to pain and restricted movement.
- RA: Caused by the body’s immune system attacking the joint capsule lining (the synovial membrane), leading to inflammation and swelling. Over time, RA can destroy cartilage and bone inside the joint.
While most joint pain is caused by arthritis, sometimes other conditions cause pain and inflammation in and around the joint (like in the cartilage, bone, muscles, tendons, or ligaments). Such conditions include9: